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What Is a Bear Market?

A bear market occurs when the stock market’s prices fall for an extended period of time. This term usually applies when share prices have sunk 20% or more from the average daily peak due to widespread pessimism from investors. Bear markets often will directly correlate with wide financial downturns, such as a recession.

How Does a Bear Market Work?

Bear markets can be quick or last for a lengthy amount of time. In the past, they have lasted for decades and have really impacted the global economy. Short selling and utilizing put options are among some of the ways that buyers will benefit from declining stock prices during this market.

What Causes a Bear Market?

A bear market can result from a bad or weakening economy. Long periods of declining asset prices can result from herd behavior, uncertainty, and a shuffle to prevent potential losses from investors. 

Government interference can potentially trigger a bear market economy in many different cases. Low salaries, low disposable income, and a decrease in corporate profits are all indicators of a weak or declining economy. 

What Is an Example of a Bear Market?

An example of this type of market would be if investors were wary about investing in certain sectors due to economic uncertainty. This then causes stock prices to drop on the NASDAQ, leading to unemployment and a recession.

How Long Does a Bear Market Last?

This market could span from lasting numerous years or only a week. A secular bear market can last up to twenty years and is triggered by continuously low returns for investors. 

What Is a Bull Market?

The financial definition of a bull market would consider it to be in effect when the stock prices have grown by 20% after their being two straight declines of 20%. A bull market is a phase in which rates have increased or are predicted to go up on the stock market.

What’s the Difference Between a Bear And Bull Market?

In a bear market, many stocks lose value and interest rates become unpredictable. This causes investing to become more dangerous and risky. The economy will begin to decline and employment levels will increase as there are less jobs available. 

In a bull market, prices are rising or they are expected to rise. Investors are more confident and the stock market is expected to perform better during a bull market. Stocks are more difficult to predict and the economy is usually strengthening at this time. 

How To Invest in a Bear Market

Investors will use a variety of different financial strategies when they plan to invest in stocks during a bear market. One way for you to invest in this market, would be to cash out of all of your current stock market positions and investments.

Many investors will also choose to invest in defensive stocks, that include companies that are safe and sustainable to last for a long period of time on the stock market. Some investors will purchase stocks with low interest rates and prices and hope for stocks to begin to increase. Selling your securities and using that cash to invest in government bonds and other safe financial tools is another safe strategy for you to consider when investing in this type of market. 

How Can I Tell if a Bear Market is Coming?

When investors lose trust in the stock market and stop investing this can potentially lead to a bear market. Investors will start selling securities and will be afraid to take risks on any stocks.

Short Selling

In a bear market, shorting stocks can be a reasonable way to take advantage of the current economy. This method involves borrowing stock that you don’t really own, selling it at a higher cost, and then buying it back as the price decreases.

What Is a Correction?

A correction would occur when security prices decline by more than 10% from the stocks peak. Most corrections only last a couple of months before the stocks begin to recover on the market. 

What Is a Secular Bear Market?

In a secular bear market, the prices of stocks and securities are declining or rising over a period of time due to many different factors. Interest rates, unemployment, and company earnings can all affect stock prices in positive and negative ways. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Bear Markets

There are many advantages and disadvantages bear markets that investors need to be aware of. You can potentially profit from or lose large amounts of earnings due to a bear economy. 


  • Investors can find ways to profit from a bear market through short-selling and put options. 
  • When the price of a stock declines due to this type of market, investors can purchase lower priced securities and gain a profit from the difference. 


  • Company downturn, and high employment often can result from bear markets. This can lead to a recession that can negatively affect many sectors on the stock market. A bear market can be very bad for the economy and investors if they’re not careful. 

Investing During a Bull Market

This market occurs when stock market’s price falls for an extended period of time. When investors lose trust in the stock market and stop investing this can potentially lead to a bear market. There are still multiple strategies that investors utilize to find a way to still invest and make a profit during a this type of market.

Financial advisors can help you invest and make the best financial decisions during a bear market. They can help you predict and understand the many advantages and disadvantages of this type of market. You should consider consulting a financial advisor to help you manage your finances and work to build your wealth in any economy.